Earthquake safe school building

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Dolakha District

East: Solukhumbhu and Ramechhap district

West: Sindhupalchok and Kaverpalanchok district

North: Autonomous of Tibet (China)

South: Ramechhap district
North Latitude: 270 28″ – 280 0″
East Longitude: 850 50″ – 860 32″
Region: Central Development.
Zone: Janakpur
District: Dolakha
Head Quarter: Charikot.
Total area of the district: 2191 Sq. Km.
 Highest peak of the district: 7134 m (Mt. Gaurishankar)
 Lowest place of the district: 732 m (Sitali)
Population : 280 874 (2011 A.D.)
Literacy Rate: 48.98
Male: 61.74
Female: 36.23

Summary

Earthquake Safe School Building Project, (ESSBP) Dolakha

Why do we want build schools in Dolakha, one of the remotest parts of Nepal? It is because education is the foundation of development. There are children who want to go to school but schools do not have enough rooms to give them shelter because of deadly earthquake. Dolakha districts one of the worst affected by the 25 April earthquake. Was struck again by the 7.3 earthquake on 12 May 2015 with epicenter located in Dolakha. The earthquake was followed by several aftershocks with epicenter in Dolakha; the largest one with a magnitude of 7.3 on 12 May 2015.178 killed and 662 injured the people, finally, the survivors from the earthquake, but 18 people died hard cold in December 2015 because of very slow progress. 50,284 fully and 305 partially damage the houses. 52 fully and 31 partially damage health facility. 363 schools affected and 1632 class rooms destroyed in the Dolakha. 376 schools and 16 sources center under the district. Now, The students hardly adjust in the Temporary building and almost students attend the class very serious situation leaking roofs, without wind barrier and some are half breakdown wall class rooms. You can see the some picture for sample below.

 

Without wind barrier and leaking roof class room
Without wind barrier and leaking roof class room

 

Children reading under tentst in chilling cold in Jamune VDC of Tanahun district on Monday, December 27, 2015. Photo: Madan Wagle
Children reading under tent in chilling cold in Jamune VDC of Tanahun

 

Open class room
Open class room

Government has no enough budgets to build school buildings. Construction of school building has been the community’s responsibility in the most cases. But the community people are so poor a lack of income sources opportunities, difficult terrain, that they cannot collect the resources to build school buildings. Almost 98 per cent people doing agriculture and when they have space of time, Men’s are going to find job as porter in Kathmandu and India. They hardly able to product corn, millet and potato for family and it’s low productivity land; has very time consuming task to harvest crops then finally, they have food. People are very hard work; they are willing to participate in any development activity. They are preparing to contribute whatever is necessary in local resource and volunteer labor to achieve the goal.

In such background Earthquake Safe School Building Project, (ESSBP) Dolakha is an extraordinary project by “Research Nepal” in close co-operation. Research Nepal has been constructing Temporary Learning Center at Birendra Higher Secondary school immediately after deadly earthquake last 25 April, 2015 and distributed jacket in winter 2016 at the same time 18 earthquake victims people were died in the Dolakha lack of good enough warm shelter.

 

Urgent Temporary Learning Center which is supported by Research Nepal, May 2015.
Urgent Temporary Learning Center which is supported by Research Nepal, May 2015.

 

Student with Jacket which is distributed by Research Nepal December 2015.
Student with Jacket which is distributed by Research Nepal December 2015.

Now, Research Nepal wants to build the permanent school building five class room first, who are very serious situation and sensitive in the class room – with larger windows and doors; bright rooms, safe and child-friendly as far as possible. Most importantly it aims to achieve the innovation with local technologies, which include earthquake resistance in the construction, after that will continue to build permanent building for school in Dolakha.

From management viewpoint, the development of this school construction will be under a democratic management and control local communities with sustainability schemes; will co-ordination district education office Dolakha, source center, School management committee and school administration. For the best utilization of limited financial resources Research Nepal made a rapid rural appraisal to survey the neediest school in Dolakha.  In this process, in a first attempt, the Research Nepal has managed field visits and an evaluation has been carried out; will train to make child centered and friendly classroom for the employee from the local people.

Outcome

There are 1632 classroom destroyed in the Dolakha. The classrooms, at present,  students are attending class in the temporary learning center and rest of student have to attend class under tent without wind barrier and leaking roof classrooms.  So at present they sit out in the school ground and make ‘open classroom’ under tent without wind barrier and leaking roof. It seems like the children are having fun but everyday outside in the dusty ground to take lessons from the teacher is unimaginable. What happens when it starts to rain, snow or storm comes? Obviously, after done the our project, the children will not have to run away when there’s rain or storm in the monsoon, snowfall in the winter and scorching heat in the dry and dusty summer of these interior mountains because they will be inside the four walls and a nice roof. When these new school are built the school will have roods to invite more children to come to school. With wide, light and comfortable classrooms and with additional pedagogic materials (stationary, story book, toys and crayons learning sticks and shapes, school Bag, clothes) that we supply the unappealing classrooms will be motivating more children to school. Certainly school will be a fun place for the village kids.

After complete our project will see like below school

Front Elevation
Front Elevation

 

Back Elevation
Back Elevation

Cost description  

The project name- School Building

Location: – Dolakha

 

 

S.N Description of work Unit Quantity Rate Amount Remark
$ Euro USD
1 Earthwork in excavation in all types of soil including lead up to 10 m  

cu.ft

 

4524

 

0.13

 

0.15

 

588.12

 

678.6

2 Earthwork for backfilling in layers not exceeding 20 cm. including watering, compaction as per drawings, specifications and instruction of Engineer  

cu.ft

 

1357.2

 

 

0.18

 

0.20

 

244.29

 

271.44

 

3 Providing, fabricating, erecting and shuttering of water proof plywood formwork in perfect line, level and plubm with props support including nailing, oiling and removal of form as per drawings, specifications and instruction of Engineer  

 

sq.ft

 

 

4543

 

 

 

0.61

 

 

0.69

 

 

2771.23

 

 

3,134.67

 

4 Flat Brick soling works including sand filling at voids as per drawings, specifications and instruction of Engineer  

sq. ft

 

3022

 

 

0.71

 

0.80

 

2145.62

 

2,417.6

 

5 Providing and laying Machine Mixed Plain Cement Concrete (P.C.C.) works (M15) as per drawings, specifications and instruction of Engineer  

 

cu.ft

 

 

822

 

 

3.08

 

 

3.47

 

 

2531.76

 

 

2,852.34

6 Machine mixed and vibrated PCC for RCC in design Mix M20 strength as per drawings, specifications and instruction of Engineer  

 

cu.ft

 

 

2110

 

 

3.56

 

 

4.02

 

 

7511.6

 

 

8,482.2

7 Straightening, Cutting, bending and binding of steel reinforcement (Fe 500) with 16 Gauge tying wire wire including all waste and adequate number of spacers, chairs, cover block as per drawings, specifications and instruction of Engineer  

 

mt.

 

 

9.38

 

 

939.55

 

 

1060

 

 

8812.97

 

 

9,942.8

 

8 Providing and laying random rubble masonry in cement sand ratio (1:4) mortar including scaffolding, curing etc all complete.  

cu.ft

 

3512

 

2.97

 

3.35

 

10,430.64

 

11,765.2

9 20 mm thick plastering in 1:4 cement sand mortar in proper line, level and plumb including necessary scaffolding, curing all complete as per drawings, specifications and instruction of Engineer  

 

sq. ft

 

 

1155

 

 

0.35

 

 

0.40

 

 

404.25

 

 

462

 

10 skirting r. ft. 385 0.31 0.35 119.35 134.75
11 Supplying and installation of 26 guage (0.41mm) colour CGI sheet in proper line, level and slope with proper lapping as per drawings, specifications and instruction of Engineer  

 

sq. ft

 

 

4272

 

 

0.81

 

 

0.91

 

 

3460.32

 

 

3,887.52

12 Supply and Installation of well seasoned sal wood frame of doors including two coats of bitumen painting at contact surface with masonry and fixing with holdfast embede in PCC bed  

 

cu.ft

 

 

7.5

 

 

40.33

 

 

45.50

 

 

302.47

 

 

341.25

 

13 Supply and Installation of well seasoned sal wood frame of windows including two coats of bitumen painting at contact surface with masonry and fixing with holdfast embede in PCC bed  

cu.ft

 

56

 

40.33

 

45.50

 

2258.48

 

2,548

 

14 Supply and Installation of readymade special teak wood doors, seasoned and poisoned treated, one side tesk and one side water proof ply including all fixtures as per the drawing, specification and instruction of Engineer  

 

sq. ft

 

 

140

 

 

4.82

 

 

5.44

 

 

674.8

 

 

761.06

 

15 Supply and applying three coats of Chapra polishing in doors as per the specification and instruction of Engineer  

sq. ft

 

280

 

0.12

 

0.14

 

33.6

 

39.2

16 5mm thick glass on window shutter with support of list  and nail as per specification and instruction of site Engineer  

sq. ft

 

550

 

0.65

 

0.73

 

357.5

 

401.5

 

17 Metal truss with 3 inch dia. main pipes and 2 inch pipe for bracing and perlins 5mm thick patti for supporting jingati as per specification and instruction of Engineer  

sq. ft

 

5340

 

0.94

 

1.06

 

5019.6

 

5,660.4

Total 47,666.6 50,180.53
Total sum of all structures 47,666.6 50,180.53
1% for Electrification Works 476.66 501.80
Total 48,143.26 50,682.33
Grand total